How Important are Knowledge Intensive Business Services for Innovation? A Brief Discussion Based on the Spanish Case
ResumenThis paper aims at discussing the importance of knowledge intensive business services (KIBS) for innovation based on the Spanish case. Our findings point to an active role of these activities as innovators, showing similar levels than medium or even high-tech manufacturing. Nevertheless, we do not find support to affirm that KIBS play an outstanding role as knowledge carriers and bridges for innovation, as usually emphasised by the literature. On the contrary, universities and technological centres are seen as much more active partners and sources for innovation by Spanish companies. The latter suggests that in the Spanish innovation system there is a well differentiated role of KIBS and the public knowledge infrastructure formed by universities, research and large part of the technological centres.
BILDERBEEK, R. HERTOG, P. DEN MARKLUND, G. MILES I. (1998); “Services in innovation: Knowledge intensive business services (KIBS) as co-producers of innovation”. SI4S: Synthesis Papers STEP Group
CZARNITZKI, D. AND SPIELKAMP, A. (2000); “Business services in Germany: bridges for innovation” Discussion Paper Nº 00-52, ZEW, Mannheim
GONZÁLEZ-LÓPEZ, M. (2009); “Regional Differences in the Growth Patterns of Knowledge-Intensive Business Services an Approach Based On the Spanish Case” European Urban and Regional Studies. 16, 1, 101-106
HERTOG, P. E BILDERBEK, R. (1998a); “Conseptualizing (service) innovation and the knowledge flow between KIBS and their clients” SI4S Topical Paper. STEP Group
HERTOG, P. E BILDERBEK, R. (1998b); “The new knowledge infraestructure: the role of technology-based knowledge intensive business services in National Innovation Systems” SI4S Topical Paper. STEP Group
MILES, I. (2008); “Patterns of innovation in service industries”. IBM System Journal, 47,1, 115-128
MILES I., KASTRINOS N., FLANAGAN K., BILDERBEEK R., HERTOG B., HUNTINK W. AND BOUMAN M. (1995): Knowledge-Intensive Business Services: Users, Carriers and Sources of Innovation. European Innovation Monitoring System (EIMS). EIMS Publication No. 15. Luxembourg.
NÄHLINDER, J. (2002); “Innovation in KIBS: State of the art and conceptualisations” Arbetsnotat, 244
OCDE (2006): Innovation and knowledge-intensive service actvities, OCDE
TETHER, B. (2005); “KIBS and the Public Science Base in the UK’s “System of Innovation” Paper presented for discussion at the Copenhagen Business School workshop on Organizing the Search for Technological Innovation, October, 2005